Where is the triangle of Petit?

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Where is the triangle of Petit?

Inferior lumbar (Petit) triangle The margins of the inferior lumbar (Petit’s) triangle are composed of the iliac crest inferiorly and the margins of two muscles – latissimus dorsi (posteriorly) and external abdominal oblique (anteriorly).

What is the triangle of Petit?

The inferior lumbar triangle, also known as the Petit triangle, is an anatomical space through which inferior lumbar hernias can occur. It is not to be confused with the adjacent superior lumbar triangle (of Grynfeltt-Lesshaft).

What is Petit hernia?

Petit’s hernia is described as herniation of retroperitoneal fat through the aponeurosis of the internal abdominal oblique muscle between the erector spinae muscles in the inferior lumbar triangle. The neck of this hernia is usually large, and therefore, it has a lower risk of strangulation than other hernias (1).

Why is the lumbar triangle importance?

Petit’s triangle is an anatomical landmark that is usually not clinically significant and only alluded to during multiple-choice examinations. This case describes the clinical ramification of this area of weakness and allows us to revisit and relearn the anatomy, and its relevance in clinical practice.

What is Triangle auscultation?

Triangle of auscultation is an important landmarks which resembles a small triangular interval. It is bounded medially by the lateral border of the trapezius muscle, laterally by the medial border of the scapula, and inferiorly by the upper border of the lattisimus dorsi.

What is thoracolumbar fascia?

The thoracolumbar fascia [TLF] is a large area of connective tissue – roughly diamond-shaped – which comprises the thoracic and lumbar parts of the deep fascia enclosing the intrinsic back muscles.

What is a pantaloon hernia?

A rare type of hernia exists called as Pantaloon or saddle-bag hernia or Dual hernia or Romberg’s hernia. This hernia is a combination of indirect and direct sacs on both sides of IEA. There is an obvious direct inguinal hernia and a small indirect type in Pantaloon Hernia.

What does a lumbar hernia feel like?

A Lumbar hernia is usually noticed as a lump on the back, which can be painful on coughing. A lumbar hernia can also have other vague symptoms of general back pain or discomfort. The lump may still be apparent on lying flat and also be aggravated by exercise.

What are the triangles of the back?

The inferior lumbar triangle, also known as the petit triangle, lies superficially. The latissimus dorsi forms the medial boundary, the external oblique forms the lateral boundary, while the iliac crest forms the inferior boundary. The inferior lumbar triangle is the site of herniation of the abdominal viscera.

How serious is a lumbar hernia?

If relatively symptom free lumbar hernia can be left alone, but it will increase in size. Most patients though require surgical repair as the hernia may become uncomfortable especially when lying down. The risk of incarceration or strangulation is though very small.

What are the 4 respiratory sounds?

The 4 most common are:

  • Rales. Small clicking, bubbling, or rattling sounds in the lungs. They are heard when a person breathes in (inhales). …
  • Rhonchi. Sounds that resemble snoring. …
  • Stridor. Wheeze-like sound heard when a person breathes. …
  • Wheezing. High-pitched sounds produced by narrowed airways.

What is an example of auscultation?

Auscultation (based on the Latin verb auscultare “to listen”) is listening to the internal sounds of the body, usually using a stethoscope. … When auscultating the heart, doctors listen for abnormal sounds, including heart murmurs, gallops, and other extra sounds coinciding with heartbeats. Heart rate is also noted.

How do you break up fascia?

How to improve your fascia health

  1. Stretch for 10 minutes a day. Share on Pinterest. …
  2. Try a mobility program. …
  3. Roll out your tight spots. …
  4. Visit the sauna, especially after the gym. …
  5. Apply cold therapy. …
  6. Get your cardio on. …
  7. Try yoga. …
  8. Keep you and your fascia hydrated.

How do you relax thoracolumbar fascia?

0:001:59Thoracolumbar Fascia Stretch – YouTubeYouTube

Why is it called triangle of doom?

The vas deferens and the gonadal vessels form the boundaries of a so-called ‘triangle of doom’ [18] . This tri- angle of doom contains the external iliac artery and vein. No dissection or other activity whatsoever should be per- formed in this area, as an injury to either of these vessels could be fatal.

What Pantaloon means?

1a or pantalone ˌpan-​tə-​ˈlō-​nē capitalized : a character in the commedia dell’arte that is usually a skinny old dotard who wears spectacles, slippers, and a tight-fitting combination of trousers and stockings. b : a buffoon in pantomimes. 2 pantaloons plural.

What can be mistaken for a hernia?

(SLS). Hernias can go misdiagnosed in women, and can instead be thought to be ovarian cysts, fibroids, endometriosis, or other abdominal issues, according to the SLS. Women’s hernias can be small and internal. They might not be a bulge that can be felt in an exam or be visible outside the body, according to the SLS.

What can be mistaken for a hernia male?

It can be easily confused when there is isolated site involvement [11]. The common differential diagnoses include orchitis, epididymitis, testicular torsion, and inguinal hernia.

What is the triangle of auscultation for?

The triangle of auscultation allows the clinician to listen better to the patient’s lungs and guide them to the proper diagnosis.

What is Koch’s triangle?

Koch’s triangle, named after the German pathologist and cardiologist Walter Karl Koch, is an anatomical area located in the superficial paraseptal endocardium of the right atrium, which its boundaries are the coronary sinus orifice, tendon of Todaro, and septal leaflet of the right atrioventricular valve.

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